VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

There is actually no free of charge trial, and also you simply get a pretty petty 7-day money-back warranty (CyberGhost and also Hotspot Shield provide you 45 days, very most various other VPNs provide thirty day.) Repayment techniques are actually confined to memory card and also PayPal just. The business made use of to give Bitcoin as well as various other alternatives, but none a lot more. Although our experts have some little concerns listed here, IPVanish shows its own plans plainly and also in all honesty.

You don’t lose the right to a reimbursement if you have actually gone to much more than x times, for example, or made use of even more than y GIGABYTES of records. If you are actually miserable, request for a refund within the 1st 7 days and you’ll acquire your funds back, no doubt inquired. IPVanish defends your personal privacy with encryption and also safe process (Photo credit: IPVanish) IPVanish shields your privacy with its use well-founded, industry-standard AES-256 encryption, as well as its assistance for the highly safe and secure protocols, OpenVPN as well as IKEv2.The IPVanish apps go better through providing you an unusual amount of command over their OpenVPN create.

Each one of the DNS crack examinations our team did showed that IPVanish didn’t leak some of our information (Photo debt: ProxyRack) The Windows customer provides a kill change, DNS and also even IPv6 water leak protection to decrease the opportunity that your true identification will certainly be actually left open online, for instance if the VPN connection reduces.

You can then usually leave behind the VPN to switch itself on as well as off as required, keeping your privacy at all times. To confirm the service really does keep your identity, our company inspected for leakages at sites featuring IPleak, DNS water leak exam and also Do I crack. None of the examinations showed any type of problems, along with the applications sheltering our genuine IP handle in all opportunities.

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

We carry out not capture some of your task while attached to our applications if you want to maintain your public right to privacy. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020.” We just like to check the big claims on the front of a web site along with the tiny printing at the back, but in this instance, the IPVanish Personal privacy Plan states similar thing.” IPVanish is a zero-logs VPN solution carrier, which indicates that we perform not keep a report of any link, website traffic, or even task data in relation to our Providers” There were some problems elevated in June 2018, when a paper emerged revealing that the zero-logging IPVanish invited 2016 replied to a summons from the United States Division of Home Safety through handing over information on an individual’s activities, including link as well as interference times and also perhaps using certain protocols.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Whatever the story here, it’s even more verification that VPN logging insurance claims can not always be actually relied on. The headline “zero logging” boasts on the site will not essentially be reflected in business technique. Does that essentially imply you should stay clear of IPVanish, though? Our team would state certainly not. The logs were turned over under the previous monitoring.

This does not in any technique promise your safety, yet our experts still think StackPath’s social pledges possess more weight than the web site advertising and marketing attempts of many other VPNs, where in many cases you can’t also inform that possesses the business. Consumers shouldn’t need to count on any individual’s zero-logging commitments, certainly.

Ideally IPVanish – et cetera of the sector – are going to do the same. SpeedTest through Ookla is among the services our company made use of to evaluate IPVanish’s functionality (Image credit rating: Ookla) Analyzing the efficiency of a VPN requires time as well as job, so our experts utilized a number of examinations and methods to view what IPVanish might perform.

Our company were actually capable to get access to all servers, and also our relationship opportunities were a capable 6-8 secs. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. (Some VPNs may be actually a little faster, but other occupy to two times as lengthy.) Ping times were actually within the counted on assortment, and also our geolocation inspections recommended that all our exam servers were actually in the expected sites.

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

These hit an outstanding 64-65Mbps on our 75Mbps exam line, only around 5% down on our traditional non-VPN relationship speeds. Shifting to United States as well as European rates observed little bit of change, with most locations providing a quite acceptable 50-65Mbps. Unsurprisingly, the long-distance hosting servers showed the best variant, from Australia’s flawlessly adequate 30Mbps, up to a couple of areas which are actually nearly useless (India had a hard time to reach 5Mbps.) Still, also here, most web servers carried out extremely effectively, and also overall IPVanish is actually quicker than the bulk of the competition.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Search the internet site and also you’ll inevitably locate its Services page, however that is actually restricted to pretty vulnerable sites including Sling TELEVISION, Spotify and also YouTube. Performs this way IPVanish does not have a lot to boast concerning? Our iPlayer tests seemed to be to affirm that, as none of the UK web servers received our team access, a regular of what our company discovered in the course of our final customer review.

That’s not such a large offer – everybody else carries out, too – but our company like to inspect, anyhow, just to confirm there are no troubles. The surprise was actually that despite the absence of advertising, all IPVanish exam hosting servers gave our team access to United States Netflix, a much much better performance than you’ll see along with many competitors – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020.

There are no browser extensions, yet the support webpages have create overviews for Chrome and Firefox, along with tutorials covering modems, Chromebooks, Linux and more. The application download hyperlinks are simple to discover on the web site, as well as, ideally, you don’t must log in to your IPVanish profile to access all of them.

If you’re certainly not curious about the official customers, IPVanish possesses hands-on create tutorials for Windows, Macintosh, Android, iphone, Linux and also others. These aren’t as numerous or thorough as our team have actually seen at ExpressVPN, but there’s still a lot of info listed below. The site possesses twelve tutorials merely covering Windows, for instance, with separate manuals covering OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP and IKeV2 create on Microsoft window 7, 8 and also 10. If you are actually making use of OpenVPN or everything else OpenVPN-based, you’ll likewise cherish IPVanish’ sensible identifying of its.OVPN setup reports.

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

If you’ve utilized a VPN in the past, IPVanish’s Microsoft window client will certainly appear quite acquainted (Image credit history: IPVanish) If you have actually utilized numerous VPN clients, you’ll recognize they are actually mostly really comparable. There’s a list of places, a Link/ Disconnect button, a page of settings, and also generally nothing at all else whatsoever. Once more, IPVanish does things differently.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

The position Quick Hook up board is actually littered, for example, however there are appreciated touches, too. Touch Hook up as well as a status board presents the process, time linked, hosting server title, as well as records posted and downloaded, a level of particular you’ll seldom observe somewhere else – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. The customer also features a good-looking real-time chart of your upload as well as download velocities.

This appears even more like other clients, however once more, IPVanish has added additional components. A hunt package makes it possible for filtering the checklist through key phrase. You can easily arrange the list through country, lots or even feedback opportunity. You’re able to incorporate web servers to a Faves checklist along with a click on, and also these may be smartly shown at the best of the country list, rather than hiding all of them away on a separate tag.

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Pot the chart over to the United States, as an example, and as opposed to being actually faced along with a mass of overlapping site pens, the map presents simply 4. If you recognize you desire an eastern shore place, focus there and additional areas show up, with amounts embodying the amount of servers they offer, therefore for example our experts could possibly view there were actually 55 hosting servers in New York, 67 in Washington and also 57 in Los Angeles.

You can quickly change VPN procedures outward the environments of IPVanish’s Windows customer (Graphic credit: IPVanish) Even the Setups dialog delivers even more capability than our company counted on – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. You can easily switch protocols in between IKEv2, SSTP, PPTP as well as L2TP, as properly as OpenVPN TCP as well as UDP. You are actually capable to pick an OpenVPN port (1194 or even 443).

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

You may describe which web server IPVanish makes use of when the customer begins, mend the IPVanish OpenVPN driver if it’s impacted through yet another VPN, and look at the OpenVPN logs within the interface to repair concerns. The client’s kill button isn’t allowed through default, so our experts transformed it on as well as functioned a few exams.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

IPVanish’s Android app carefully resembles its pc counterparts (Graphic credit: IPVanish) The IPVanish Android app opens along with a basic Quick Attach monitor which features your existing IP as well as area, details an intended nation, area as well as hosting server, and provides a Hook up button to rapidly acquire you online. The application selects your closest server by default, but you’re likewise able to prepare your place country, the urban area within that nation, or select a particular web server along with a number of faucets.

VPN  Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Our experts’re unsure whether there is actually any person who really needs this, and probably it is going to lessen your electric battery lifestyle if you leave it open for an extended period of time, however there’s certainly it looks far better than the standard dull nation checklist. The app shows some absolutely valuable standing relevant information in addition to the expensive visuals: your brand new IP handle, hosting server name, area, time linked, and more.

The area picker is reasonably simple. You have the capacity to choose servers by country or area, yet there are actually no ping opportunities or web server bunch figures to help you select, and there’s no Preferences system or even Latest Web servers list to quicken reconnections. As an alternative, you’re required to by hand scroll to details hosting servers when you need them, a possible inconvenience on smart phones along with tiny monitors.

You can easily decide on to make OpenVPN UDP or TCP connections, optimizing for velocity or even reliability. There is actually a wider choice of slots than you’ll view along with the Windows customer (443, 1194 as well as 8443.) A Shuffle function creates it harder for networks to find and also block VPN connections. A kill switch obstructs net gain access to if the relationship goes down.

ExpressVPN possesses one thing identical, however typically that is actually an option you’ll seldom discover elsewhere. There are slight weak points in some locations. While several apps may automatically safeguard you whenever you link to an unsafe network, for example, IPVanish presents an optionally available precaution and also leaves you to choose what to do. That is actually adequate to help you remain risk-free, though, and in general the application operates extremely properly.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

There is actually a very clear screen of your IP handle, location and also VPN standing, and you may choose your aim at country, area and also server just before linking to the VPN with a water faucet. (Just Like the Android app, the default country is actually constantly the US, no matter where you could be actually in the world.) The moment you are actually internet, there is actually similar eye-candy in the design of a scrolling real-time world wide web visitor traffic graph.

If you like, you can also select places coming from an easier text message list. Just like the Android application, this can easily be sorted by nation or city, but these areas are displayed in different cavalcades that makes the checklist a lot easier to explore. Web server bunch as well as ping times are actually presented, as well, aiding you to determine which is actually the very best site for you.

Utilize the superstar to the right of one or more servers and it’ll appear whenever you opt for the Favorites button, allowing you to avoid all the other filtering system and also sorting difficulties entirely. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. The Setups pane appears sporadic, a minimum of at first. There is actually no integrated kill button to protect your identity, as well as you only get 2 substantial VPN tweaks: an auto-connect choice, and also the capability to switch method in between the default IKEv2 and also IPSEC.Check out that auto-connect feature, however, as well as you’ll locate a stack of possibilities and controls (basically, all the rewards our company want to have actually found in the Android application.) Along with a basic “hook up instantly” setup, you may possess IPVanish instantly turn itself off when you’re hooked up to counted on cellular networks.

You can easily even build a list of domains which you ‘d as if IPVanish to immediately protect, therefore for instance you might have the VPN zing in whenever you explored Netflix’s web site. The IPVanish iOS application isn’t best, at that point, yet unlike a lot of competitors, it is actually certainly not merely a basic port of the desktop computer or Android applications, either.

IPVanish’s assistance internet site provides you with a lot of info regarding your relationship (Graphic credit: IPVanish) If the VPN isn’t functioning as it should, the IPVanish Assist Facility intentions to direct you in the appropriate path. A Body Condition link advises you of any type of huge company-wide complications, help articles are actually intelligently arranged in to crucial classifications (Arrangement, Damage Control, Invoicing, even more) and also you can explore the web knowledgebase for certain key phrases.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

There is actually no free test, and you only receive a reasonably thrifty 7-day money-back warranty (CyberGhost and also Hotspot Guard provide you 45 days, very most other VPNs deliver 30 times.) Payment procedures are actually confined to card and PayPal simply. The company made use of to use Bitcoin and other choices, yet certainly not any a lot more. Although our experts have some small issues listed below, IPVanish provides its strategies accurately as well as honestly.

You do not shed the right to a refund if you have actually visited greater than x opportunities, for example, or made use of even more than y GIGABYTES of data. If you’re unhappy, seek a refund within the first 7 days and also you’ll get your cash back, no concerns inquired. IPVanish protects your personal privacy along with shield of encryption and secure protocols (Graphic credit score: IPVanish) IPVanish defends your privacy along with its own usage of well-founded, industry-standard AES-256 file encryption, and its help for the very protected procedures, OpenVPN and IKEv2.The IPVanish applications go better by giving you an unique degree of management over their OpenVPN create.

Each one of the DNS water leak examinations we executed revealed that IPVanish failed to water leak some of our information (Picture debt: ProxyRack) The Windows client provides a kill button, DNS as well as even IPv6 leak defense to decrease the chance that your actual identity will definitely be subjected online, for example if the VPN hookup reduces.

You can after that primarily leave behind the VPN to turn on its own on and also off as required, keeping your personal privacy at all opportunities. To verify the company really carries out keep your identity, our experts looked for leakages at internet sites consisting of IPleak, DNS crack examination as well as Do I leak. None of the tests disclosed any issues, along with the apps covering our actual IP handle at all times.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Our team do certainly not tape any one of your activity while hooked up to our applications in purchase to preserve your public right to privacy. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020.” We as if to inspect the significant insurance claims on the face of a web site with the little printing at the back, however in this particular instance, the IPVanish Personal privacy Policy says similar point.” IPVanish is actually a zero-logs VPN company, which means that we perform certainly not maintain a file of any kind of relationship, visitor traffic, or even task records in respect to our Providers” There were actually some issues elevated in June 2018, when a file developed presenting that the zero-logging IPVanish invited 2016 replied to a summons from the US Department of Home Protection through handing over details on a customer’s tasks, featuring relationship and also interference opportunities and also perhaps using details protocols.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Whatever the tale right here, it is actually more verification that VPN logging cases can not consistently be actually depended on. The title “zero logging” boasts on the website will not essentially be mirrored in business method. Does that necessarily imply you should stay away from IPVanish, though? We would certainly point out certainly not. The logs were actually entrusted under the previous monitoring.

This doesn’t in any kind of way assure your protection, yet we still assume StackPath’s social assurances possess even more body weight than the website advertising initiatives of a lot of additional VPNs, where sometimes you can’t even inform who has the company. Consumers shouldn’t have to count on any person’s zero-logging pledges, certainly.

Hopefully IPVanish – et cetera of the field – are going to do the very same. SpeedTest through Ookla is just one of the solutions we used to assess IPVanish’s performance (Graphic credit rating: Ookla) Analyzing the functionality of a VPN takes some time and work, so our experts used multiple tests as well as techniques to see what IPVanish could possibly perform.

Our experts were actually able to get access to all servers, as well as our connection opportunities were actually a qualified 6-8 secs. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. (Some VPNs might be a little faster, however other occupy to two times as lengthy.) Sound opportunities were actually within the expected variety, as well as our geolocation examinations recommended that all our exam hosting servers remained in the counted on locations.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

These hit a superb 64-65Mbps on our 75Mbps test line, merely around 5% adverse our typical non-VPN link speeds. Changing to United States as well as European speeds found little modification, with the majority of areas providing an incredibly appropriate 50-65Mbps. Unsurprisingly, the long-distance hosting servers showed the best variation, coming from Australia’s completely appropriate 30Mbps, up to one or 2 sites which are almost pointless (India battled to arrive at 5Mbps.) Still, also below, most servers conducted effectively, and general IPVanish is actually quicker than the majority of the competitors.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Search the internet site as well as you’ll inevitably find its own Services page, however that’s restricted to reasonably unprotected websites such as Sling TELEVISION, Spotify and YouTube. Performs this way IPVanish does not possess much to boast regarding? Our iPlayer exams seemed to confirm that, as none of the UK web servers acquired us accessibility, a regular of what our team discovered throughout our final testimonial.

That is actually not such a major bargain – everyone else does, too – yet our experts such as to check, in any case, merely to verify there are actually no worry. The surprise was actually that in spite of the shortage of advertising and marketing, all IPVanish examination hosting servers provided our team accessibility to United States Netflix, a far better performance than you’ll view with many competitions – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020.

There are actually no browser expansions, but the support web pages have create guides for Chrome and Firefox, and also tutorials dealing with routers, Chromebooks, Linux and a lot more. The application download links are easy to find on the site, as well as, conveniently, you do not possess to log in to your IPVanish account to access all of them.

If you’re not intrigued in the official clients, IPVanish possesses hand-operated create tutorials for Windows, Macintosh, Android, iOS, Linux and others. These aren’t as various or even in-depth as we’ve viewed at ExpressVPN, yet there is actually still plenty of info below. The website has twelve tutorials only dealing with Microsoft window, as an example, along with separate resources covering OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP and also IKeV2 create on Microsoft window 7, 8 and also 10. If you are actually using OpenVPN or anything else OpenVPN-based, you’ll additionally cherish IPVanish’ practical identifying of its.OVPN arrangement files.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

If you’ve made use of a VPN previously, IPVanish’s Windows customer will appear quite acquainted (Picture debt: IPVanish) If you’ve utilized several VPN customers, you’ll understand they’re mainly very similar. There’s a listing of places, an Attach/ Disconnect switch, a page of environments, and also typically nothing else whatsoever. Once more, IPVanish carries out factors in different ways.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

The position Quick Attach door is jumbled, as an example, but there rate contacts, also. Tap Link and a standing board shows the protocol, time linked, web server title, as well as data posted and also downloaded and install, a level of information you’ll hardly ever view elsewhere – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. The customer even presents a good-looking real-time graph of your upload as well as download speeds.

This looks more like various other customers, however again, IPVanish has actually included additional attributes. A search carton allows filtering the list through keyword. You may sort the checklist through country, load or even action time. You have the ability to incorporate web servers to a Preferences list along with a click on, and also these can be properly displayed on top of the country list, somewhat than hiding all of them away on a separate tag.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

Pan the map over to the US, for instance, and also as opposed to being actually challenged with a mass of overlapping area pens, the map shows only four. If you understand you want an eastern shore area, aim there as well as additional places show up, with numbers working with the number of web servers they offer, so as an example we could possibly view there were actually 55 web servers in Nyc, 67 in Washington as well as 57 in Los Angeles.

You may conveniently alter VPN protocols outward the settings of IPVanish’s Microsoft window customer (Picture debt: IPVanish) Even the Setups dialog provides much more functionality than our company counted on – VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. You can easily switch procedures between IKEv2, SSTP, PPTP and L2TP, as properly as OpenVPN TCP as well as UDP. You have the capacity to decide on an OpenVPN port (1194 or 443).

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

You can easily specify which web server IPVanish uses when the client starts, fix the IPVanish OpenVPN driver if it’s impacted by yet another VPN, and also view the OpenVPN logs within the interface to troubleshoot issues. The client’s kill button isn’t allowed by nonpayment, so our company transformed it on as well as operated a couple of tests.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

IPVanish’s Android app very closely resembles its desktop equivalents (Image credit score: IPVanish) The IPVanish Android application opens with an easy Quick Attach display which displays your current IP and also location, specifies a target nation, city and also hosting server, and supplies a Connect switch to rapidly acquire you online. The app selects your closest web server by nonpayment, yet you are actually also capable to set your location country, the city within that country, or select a certain hosting server along with a pair of faucets.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code  2020VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

We are actually not sure whether there is actually anyone who in fact requires this, as well as presumably it is going to minimize your electric battery life if you leave it available for a substantial period of time, but there is actually no question it looks better than the typical dull country listing. The application presents some absolutely practical standing information together with the fancy visuals: your brand-new IP deal with, web server label, area, opportunity linked, and also so on.

The area picker is actually fairly essential. You’re able to pick web servers by nation or even city, however there are actually no ping opportunities or hosting server bunch bodies to aid you pick, and there’s no Favorites device or Current Servers list to quicken reconnections. Instead, you’re required to by hand scroll to specific web servers when you need them, a potential headache on mobile tools with tvs.

You can select to create OpenVPN UDP or TCP connections, maximizing for velocity or reliability. There’s a greater choice of slots than you’ll see along with the Microsoft window customer (443, 1194 and also 8443.) A Shuffle attribute makes it more tough for systems to recognize as well as block out VPN hookups. A kill button blocks net accessibility if the hookup loses.

ExpressVPN possesses something identical, yet or else that’s an alternative you’ll hardly locate in other places. There are slight weak spots in some locations. While a lot of applications may automatically protect you whenever you connect to an unprotected network, for example, IPVanish presents an optionally available precaution and leaves you to decide what to perform. That’s sufficient to aid you remain secure, though, and also on the whole the application operates extremely well.

VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020

There’s a clear display screen of your IP handle, location as well as VPN condition, and also you may choose your aim at country, city as well as server just before hooking up to the VPN with a tap. (As with the Android application, the nonpayment nation is actually regularly the US, wherever you may be on the planet.) Once you are actually internet, there’s comparable eye-candy in the design of a scrolling real-time world wide web traffic chart.

If you favor, you can likewise choose sites coming from a less complex message listing. Similar to the Android application, this may be arranged through nation or area, but these fields are actually shown in different columns which produces the list a lot easier to browse. Web server lots as well as ping times are displayed, also, helping you to find out which is the very best place for you.

Tap the superstar to the right of one or more servers and also it’ll seem whenever you opt for the Favorites tab, enabling you to steer clear of all the various other filtering system and also arranging hassles totally. VPN Ip Vanish Outlet Student Discount Code 2020. The Environments pane appears sparse, at minimum at first. There’s no incorporated kill change to secure your identity, and you just receive pair of substantial VPN tweaks: an auto-connect alternative, as well as the capacity to change process between the nonpayment IKEv2 and also IPSEC.Check out that auto-connect function, though, and you’ll locate a pile of alternatives and also controls (essentially, all the goodies our company wish to have found in the Android app.) And also a basic “hook up immediately” setup, you can easily have IPVanish immediately switch on its own off when you are actually connected to relied on cellular systems.

You can also develop a list of domain names which you ‘d like IPVanish to immediately guard, so as an example you can have the VPN begin whenever you saw Netflix’s internet site. The IPVanish iphone application isn’t best, then, yet unlike a lot of rivals, it is actually certainly not only a standard port of the desktop or Android applications, either.

IPVanish’s assistance website delivers you with a wonderful offer of information about your link (Photo credit history: IPVanish) If the VPN isn’t operating as it should, the IPVanish Aid Center objectives to point you in the ideal direction. A Device Condition web link advises you of any type of huge company-wide troubles, help posts are wisely arranged right into crucial categories (System, Repair, Payment, additional) and you may explore the internet knowledgebase for details keyword phrases.